Endoscopic discectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to treat herniated or bulging discs in the spine. During the procedure, the surgeon inserts an endoscope, a thin, flexible tube with a camera and light source, through a tiny incision into the affected spinal disc. The endoscope provides real-time visuals of the disc’s interior, allowing the surgeon to precisely locate and remove the portion of the herniated or damaged disc that is compressing nearby nerves. With disc material removed, there is less pressure pushing on the adjacent nerve, thereby reducing pain. This approach typically results in less tissue disruption, reduced postoperative pain, quicker recovery times, and minimal scarring compared to the traditional open spine surgery technique; making it an attractive option for patients with herniated disc-related spine pain.