Percutaneous discectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure performed to treat herniated or bulging discs in the spine. During the procedure, the surgeon uses fluoroscopic (low dose x-ray) guidance to insert a thin tube (cannula) through a small incision, towards the affected disc. Through this tube, specialized instruments are used to remove or shrink the portion of the disc that is pressing on nearby nerves, causing pain and other symptoms. With disc material removed, there is less pressure pushing on the adjacent nerve, thereby reducing pain and discomfort. The percutaneous discectomy procedure is known for its shorter recovery times, reduced postoperative pain, and minimal scarring compared to the traditional open surgical technique; making it an attractive option for patients with herniated disc-related spine pain.