Expert Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatment in Manhattan, Provided by Matthew Spiegel, MD


Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most frequent psychopathological outcome associated with exposure to traumatic events. PTSD can affect people of all ages and symptoms, and may arise shortly after the frightening experience or even months or years later. Symptoms of PTSD may include recurrent and intrusive thoughts or memories of the event such as nightmares, avoidance of reminders of the event, feelings of guilt, blame, or shame, feelings of detachment or numbing, and increased feelings of anxiety and depression. People with PTSD may have difficulty sleeping and may be easily startled. They may also have outbursts of anger or irritability and may have difficulty concentrating.

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